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常州日语翻译的技巧有什么

   日语与汉语有一些相似,对于语法运用较为灵活,译员对日语进行翻译时要具备一定的日本语言常识和日本文化常识,下面常州证件翻译公司给大家说说日语翻译的技巧有什么?

  There are some similarities between Japanese and Chinese. The grammar is more flexible. When translating Japanese, translators should have some common knowledge of Japanese language and Japanese culture. What are the skills of Japanese translation for you?

  1、拆解分析法

  1. Disassembly analysis method

  日语中许多句子都是由一些从句或者众多形容词组合而成的句子,这样的句子往往句式结构较为复杂,在面对这样的句子时,基础尚浅翻译人员没有办法一次性翻译出来,这时候就必须使用拆解法。所谓拆解法,就是将整个句子整体进行分析,然后进行逐步拆解,通过分析句子中主谓宾的方法,进行主次翻译。

  Many sentences in Japanese are composed of some clauses or many adjectives. Such sentences tend to have complex sentence structures. In the face of such sentences, translators with shallow foundations can not translate them at one time. At this time, they must use dismantling method. The so-called disassembly method is to analyze the whole sentence and then to decompose it step by step. By analyzing the method of subject-predicate-object in the sentence, the primary and secondary translation can be carried out.

  2、词性转换法

  2. Part of Speech Conversion

  由于日语本身的特点,在翻译成中文之后,往往造成句型成分不完整或者不平衡,例如过多的形容词,使整个句子冗杂等问题,在面对类似这种情况时,翻译人员应当在恰当的时候进行词性转换,以保证整个句子的流畅通顺,这样的转换,大多发生在名词和形容词、动词和名词、形容词和副词以及动词和形容词之间的互相转换。

  Due to the characteristics of Japanese itself, when translated into Chinese, it often results in incomplete or unbalanced sentence patterns, such as too many adjectives, making the whole sentence jumbled and so on. In the face of similar situations, translators should make part-of-speech conversion at an appropriate time to ensure the fluency of the whole sentence. Most of such conversion takes place in nouns and adjectives. Verbs and nouns, adjectives and adverbs, and the conversion between verbs and adjectives.

  3、语位调整法

  3. The Method of Genre Adjustment

  由于是两种语言的转换,在翻译过程中,不能强求完全与原文一模一样,一味强求翻译的一致性很容易导致翻之后的结果语序烦乱,在面对这种情况,应当根据译后语言的语法特点予以调整,以保证整个句子流畅通顺。

  As a result of the conversion of two languages, in the process of translation, it is impossible to make the translation exactly the same as the original text. It is easy to cause confusion in the word order of the translated result by insisting on consistency of translation. In the face of this situation, we should adjust it according to the grammatical characteristics of the translated language so as to ensure the fluency of the whole sentence.

  4、词性增删法

  4. Addition and deletion of parts of speech

  日语本身较为繁复,翻译成其他语言难免令人阅读困难,在翻译成目标语言时,发你人员应当对译文进行甄别,分析译本中的词句是否有必要保留,例如重复反锁的形容词之类,删去并不会影响句意,这时候应果断予以清除,而省略的部分可以予以增补,以保证整个句式结构的严谨性。

  Japanese itself is more complicated, so it is difficult to translate into other languages. When translating into the target language, the sender should screen the translation and analyze whether it is necessary to retain the words and sentences in the translation, such as repetitive anti-lock adjectives. Deletion does not affect the meaning of the sentence. At this time, it should be decisively removed, and the omitted parts can be added to ensure the whole. The rigor of sentence structure.

  5、转换调整法

  5. Conversion Adjustment Method

  通篇翻译之后,对通篇句意进行调整,对不恰当的从句进行转换,对不正当的语序进行调整,从而形成一篇完整流程的日语翻译。

  After the whole translation, the meaning of the whole text is adjusted, the inappropriate clauses are transformed, and the improper word order is adjusted, thus forming a complete process of Japanese translation.

——常州翻译公司

 

译声常州翻译公司目前是国内专业的翻译机构之一,译声常州翻译公司秉承“诚信 专业”的服务理念,为国内外客户提供一流翻译服务。了解更多信息:请直接致电:400-600-6870咨询。


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